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Mkia (Tail Dhow)

This is the type of Dhow which have no Chanda (the rear woods) that are arranged horizontal across horizontal of the dhow on rear part, most of these are available in Tumbatu island and some areas of north Unguja. Most of these dhows seem to be small in size compare to Butu Dhow or other kinds of dhow.

Butu (Blunt Dhow)

This is the type of Dhow which has Chanda (the rear woods), almost all from Nungwi are of this kind, as well it depends on the preference of the owner or customer; it is used for fishing activities, tourism activities as well some, used for carrying cargoes.



This kind of Dhow nearly the same as Butu but the difference occurs in the front part where in the beam forming stern post (Fashini) is not much tilted compare to tail one (mkia) and mostly used for fishing small fishes like anchovies or Dagaa in Swahili. Mashua in Kenya-Tanzania inshore dhow length to 10 m; draft to 0.6 m, small version of Jahazi. Many are installed outboard petrol engines as well as or instead of sail. USES: inshore and several miles offshore. Used for fishing (especially with gill-nets), and transport of small cargoes (e.g. fish or timer), or as ferry boast transporting up to thirty persons.

Jahazi (Big Mashua)

Jahazi is a Cargo dhow, length rom 20 meters and so forth. This is the largest of the locally-built dhows. Today, inboard diesel engines frequently replace sails. Uses: primarily used for transport over distances of up to 1,000 miles or more on the open ocean. Such voyages are reliant on the regular monsoon winds. Several hundred tons of cargos and over 100 passengers can be transported on a Jahazi.


Mtumbwi (Canoe)

This is a kind of water vehicle nearly we can group it in the kind of Dhow, this is very narrow and little bit short, used for fishing in low tide water, its sometime used to be built with sail in it but mostly not and it can be used by not more than four (4) peoples


This as well the kind of water transport which has the shape like water cannon but it has two wings and normally has a sail. Ngalawa (Swahili), sailing outrigger canoe length to 6m; draft to 0.5 m. The hull is basically a dugout canoe, often with an upwardly-curved and fanned bow and a pointed stern where the rudder is fixed. Two stabilizing outriggers are attached to poles fixed inside the hull. The short mast supported by movable stays, carries a spar and a lateen sail. USES: inshore and near-shore reef areas; often for fishing. Larger vessels are capable of carrying up to ten persons.

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